Cybersecurity in The 19th National People’s Congress of the Communist Party of China

The below speech was delivered by President Xi Jinping on October 18th, at the 19th National People’s Congress of the Communist Party of China.

This report is our translated summary of his speech on the sections pertaining to issues relating to Cybersecurity. We are continuing to translate other sections of the speech and are updating this report to better reflect the full substance on China’s Cybersecurity posture.

This information was taken from the Xinhua News Agency at 9PM EST, October 23, 2017.

The National People’s Congress (usually abbreviated NPC) is the national legislature of the People’s Republic of China. With 2,924 members in 2017, it is the largest parliamentary body in the world. Held every five years, the NPC is the principal way the Communist Party of China plans and announces its major strategic objectives for the next five years. President Xi Jinping on October 18th spoke at length regarding China’s strategic goals regarding cybersecurity, grand strategy, and the future of China’s role in the world.

You can read the full version in Chinese Mandarin, here:


Ⅰ: The Past Five Years: Our Work and Historic Change

We have made significant advances on theoretical and cultural fronts.

The development, administration, and functioning of internet services has been enhanced.


Ⅲ: The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the Basic Policy

Adopting a new vision for development

We must see that new industrialization, IT application, urbanization, and agricultural modernization go hand in hand. We must see that new industrialization, IT application, urbanization, and agricultural modernization go hand in hand.

Pursuing a holistic approach to national security

We should ensure both development and security and be ever ready to protect against potential dangers in time of peace. This is a major principle underlying the Party’s governance. We must put national interests first, take protecting our people’s security as our mission and safeguarding political security as a fundamental task, and ensure both internal and external security, homeland and public security, traditional and non-traditional security, and China’s own and common security. We will improve our systems and institutions and enhance capacity-building for national security, and resolutely safeguard China’s sovereignty, security, and development interests.


Ⅴ: Applying a New Vision of Development and Developing a Modernized Economy

We should pursue supply-side structural reform as our main task, and work hard for better quality, higher efficiency, and more robust drivers of economic growth through reform. We need to raise total factor productivity and accelerate the building of an industrial system that promotes coordinated development of the real economy with technological innovation, modern finance, and human resources.

Furthering supply-side structural reform

We will work faster to build China into a manufacturer of quality and develop advanced manufacturing, promote further integration of the internet, big data, and artificial intelligence with the real economy, and foster new growth areas and drivers of growth in medium-high end consumption, innovation-driven development, the green and low-carbon economy, the sharing economy, modern supply chains, and human capital services.

We will strengthen infrastructure networks for water conservancy, railways, highways, waterways, aviation, pipelines, power grids, information, and logistics.

Making China a country of innovators

We will strengthen basic research in applied sciences, launch major national science and technology projects, and prioritize innovation in key generic technologies, cutting-edge frontier technologies, modern engineering technologies, and disruptive technologies. These efforts will provide powerful support for building China’s strength in science and technology, product quality, aerospace, cyberspace, and transportation; and for building a digital China and a smart society.

We will improve our national innovation system and boost our strategic scientific and technological strength . We will further reform the management system for science and technology, and develop a market-oriented system for technological innovation in which enterprises are the main players and synergy is created through the joint efforts of enterprises, universities, and research institutes. We will support innovation by small and medium-sized enterprises and encourage the application of advances in science and technology.

We will foster a culture of innovation, and strengthen the creation, protection, and application of intellectual property. We should cultivate a large number of world-class scientists and technologists in strategically important fields, scientific and technological leaders, and young scientists and engineers, as well as high-performing innovation teams.


Ⅶ: Building Stronger Cultural Confidence and Helping Socialist Culture to Flourish

Holding firmly the leading position in ideological work

We will provide more and better online content and put in place a system for integrated internet management to ensure a clean cyberspace.


Ⅷ: Growing Better at Ensuring and Improving People’s Wellbeing and Strengthening and Developing New Approaches to Social Governance

Giving priority to developing education

We will improve preschool education, special needs education, and online education, make senior secondary education universally available, and strive to see that each and every child has fair access to good education.

Effectively safeguarding national security

We will improve our national security strategy and policy, guarantee China’s political security, and take coordinated steps to ensure security in all areas. We will improve our national security system, strengthen rule of law measures to enhance national security, and enhance our capacity for forestalling and fending off security risks. We must rigorously protect against and take resolute measures to combat all acts of infiltration, subversion, and sabotage, as well as violent and terrorist activities, ethnic separatist activities, and religious extremist activities. We will strengthen efforts to raise awareness of national security among all Party members and all the people, and create a strong synergy of the safeguard national security.


Ⅹ: Staying Committed to the Chinese Path of Building Strong Armed Forces and Fully Advancing the Modernization of National Defense and the Military

We will adapt to the trend of a new global military revolution and to national security needs; we will upgrade our military capabilities, and see that, by the year 2020, mechanization is basically achieved, IT application has come a long way, and strategic capabilities have seen a big improvement.

Our military must regard combat capability as the criterion to meet in all its work and focus on how to win when it is called on. We will take solid steps to ensure military preparedness for all strategic directions, and make progress in combat readiness in both traditional and new security fields. We will develop new combat forces and support forces, conduct military training under combat conditions, strengthen the application of military strength, speed up development of intelligent military, and improve combat capabilities for joint operations based on network information system and the ability to fight under multi-dimensional conditions. This will enable us to effectively shape our military posture, manage crises, and deter and win wars.

We should ensure that efforts to make our country prosperous and efforts to make our military strong go hand in hand. We will strengthen unified leadership, top-level design, reform, and innovation. We will speed up implementation of major projects, deepen reform of defense-related science, technology, and industry achieve greater military-civilian integration, and build integrated national strategies and strategic capabilities.


Ⅻ: Following a Path of Peaceful Development and Working to Build a Community with a Shared Future for Mankind

And yet, as a world we face growing uncertainties and destabilizing factors. Global economic growth lacks energy; the gap between rich and poor continues to widen; hotspot issues arise often in some regions; and unconventional security threats like terrorism, cyber-insecurity, major infectious diseases, and climate change continue to spread. As human beings we have many common challenges to face.

We should commit to settling disputes through dialogue and resolving differences through discussion, coordinate responses to traditional and non-traditional threats, and oppose terrorism in all its forms.

China follows the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration in engaging in global governance. China stands for democracy in international relations and the equality of all countries, big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor. China supports the United Nations in playing an active role in international affairs, and supports the efforts of other developing countries to increase their representation and strengthen their voice in international affairs. China will continue to play its part as a major and responsible country, take an active part in reforming and developing the global governance system, and keep contributing Chinese wisdom and strength to global governance.


ⅩⅢ: Exercising Strict Governance over the Party and Improving the Party’s Ability to Govern and Lead

Strengthening every dimension of our ability for governance.

We should be good reformers and pioneers. We should be enterprising, work creatively in light of actual conditions, and adeptly apply information technology, including the internet, in our work.



News Source: Xinhua News Agency:

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